Upper Neck, Upper Cervical Spine (C1 – C2)
Mid/Lower Neck, Cervical Spine (C3 – C7)
Neck, shoulders, thyroid, tonsils, teeth, outer ear, nose, mouth, vocal cords, and more.
Mid Back, Thoracic Spine (T1 – T12)
Arms, hands, heart, coronary arteries, esophagus, trachea, lungs, bronchial tubes, gallbladder, liver, stomach, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, ureters, adrenal glands, small intestines, and more.
Lower Back, Lumbar Spine (L1 – L5)
Large intestines, appendix, abdomen, bladder, reproductive organs, lower back, lower extremities, ankles, feet, and more.
Basebone or Tailbone, Sacrum and Coccyx
Hip bones, tail bone, buttocks, rectum, anus, and more.
The anatomy of the spinal column is extremely well-designed to serve many functions. All of the elements of the spinal column and vertebrae serve the purpose of protecting the spinal cord, which provides communication to the brain, mobility and sensation in the body through the complex interaction of bones, ligaments and muscle structures of the back and the nerves that surround it. The back is also the powerhouse for the entire body, supporting and allowing the movements of our head, arms, and legs possible.